Oriental carpets were originally woven and tufted by hand to cover the ground or floors in tents and buildings with earth or stone floors. They added warmth and color to the lives of those living in these dwellings. European castles and lesser homes often had earth or stone floors covered with things like rushes or straw and when travellers brought back rugs from the East those who could afford them bought these carpets to enhance their homes as well. Settlers coming to America brought rugs with them or the knowledge to make them. Soft woven or tufted flooring covers are used around the world to add comfort color and style to homes and commercial spaces.
Remember to bear in mind what part of the room the rug is going to be positioned; whether it is placed on doorways or near air vents etc. This is because some rugs are too thick or some doors just don't have enough space allotted for an area rug; this would either cause the door to not open or allow the rug to slide and shift every time the door opens. Also there are rugs that can't withstand the heat from air vents. Make sure you pick a rug's material carefully based on the placement of the rug.
There are other kinds of small carpets like rag braided sisal chenille and shag made of various kinds of materials like cotton silk leather wool and synthetic fibers. You can get area carpets for children with games and bright children's designs on them. You can get bath mats that are washable.